This week’s Torah Portion was done in a “notes” format.
Leviticus wrongly named
Vayikra means “And He called”.
YHVH called Israel: Lev 1:1 And YHVH called to Moses and spoke to him out of the tabernacle
of the congregation, saying…
Better title: “The Calling”?
Inadequate titles that cause confusion
Levitical law – Taken to mean
Includes laws of ceremonies/rituals and sacrifices but also has laws governing people’s behavior before YHVH and
requirements for appearing before Him so that we do not die in His presence
Laws of atonement for us, the people
If this law is done away, how can YHVH call us to Him and what would be His requirements?
Atonement is fulfilled in Yeshua but the law has to remain.
Important to understand that Leviticus explains how and why Yeshua took our sins on Himself.
Type & shadow: Priests who eat the sin, trespass and guilt offerings.
Atonement animal sacrifices: Exodus
Atonement made (before Yeshua came) by the priests eating the sin sacrifices (Leviticus 6:25-26 (chata), 7:1-4 (ashawm)).
Yeshua is our sacrifice for chata and ashawm by becoming chata and ashawm for us
2 Corinthians 5:21 For He has made Him who knew no sin (hamartia, G266, (includes chata
and ashawm), to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.
Romans 5:11 (katallagē, atonement (exchange), G2643) and 1 John 2:2 (hilasmos, atonement (expiation), G2434)
If the Ritual Law of the sin sacrifices is discarded, then how does Yeshua remain our sacrifice?
If I pay off my mortgage, thus fulfilling the legal requirements, do I now have to move out of my house? Or
does the law now have fuller effect for me in that no one else (a mortgage company) has legal interest in my home under which it can be taken away because the law is on the side of the mortgage company?
Yeshua is our olah (burnt offering), thanksgiving and peace offerings (types of burnt offerings).
Olah: His ascension!
He is our grain offering through His own body.
As Mark said last week, Yeshua filled the sacrifices full of meaning.
We cannot continue receiving the benefits of atonement if the Law of atonement is discarded.
MORE LAWS OF THE SACRIFICES
Chapter 6 –
Law of Olah (burnt offering)
Olah (daily tamiyd burnt offering) must never go out (Leviticus 6:9, 12-13).
The last offering of the day is the afternoon tamiyd daily ram (except on Passover)
The danger of fire going out happens at night.
The fat that belongs only to YHVH helps keep it going all night.
Priests not permitted to wear holy garments outside Tabernacle when removing last night’s ashes.
Food offering (Leviticus 6:14).
Belongs to Aaron and his sons.
Must be unleavened (represents the condition of the Kingdom of YHVH).
Must be eaten in public.
YHVH hides nothing and does not allow anything to be hidden.
Offering (Leviticus 6:26-29)
The priest who puts someone’s sin chata offering on the altar also eats it.
If blood gets on the priest’s garment, the garment is to be washed in the Holy Place.
Blood from other offerings does not defile priests’ garments.
Part of Aaron’s ordination was the sprinkling of blood on their garments (Exodus 29:21).
Each sin offering was subjected to fire and water.
Fire: YHVH’s most holy part
Water: the priest’s part which was boiled.
The earthenware pot was broken after boiling the sin offering or, if a metal pot was used, had to be scoured
Exception to the rule about Priests eating sin offerings (Leviticus 6:30).
“No sin offering, of which any of the blood is brought into the Tent of Meeting to make atonement in the Holy
Place, shall be eaten: it shall be burned with fire.”
Refers to Aaron’s sin offering on Yom Kippur in Leviticus 16:3.
The congregational sin offerings on Yom Kippur (Leviticus 16).
Sin-offerings for the priest who sinned (Leviticus 4:6).
Chapter 7 – Law of the ashawm, guilt, offering.
Leviticus 1-4 deals with chata (H2398) – sin.
Leviticus 5 begins dealing with ashawm (H817) – guilt, trespass.
for crimes against the Law and for uncleanness which is a condition, not a crime.
All sin makes us unclean.
Living life also makes
Trespass is for unintentionally appropriating a sacredness to yourself.
Requires guilt offering (H816, ashawm).
Guilty and guilt are the same word, ashawm.
Guilt ashawm sacrifice for specific violations where a value is concerned.
Unintentional misappropriation of sanctuary property for personal use (Leviticus 5:14-16).
The contingency ashawm for uncertainty about the commission of chata sin. This sacrifice to be done instead of chata sacrifice.
A trespass against Elohim in that one lied under oath, defrauding his fellow man concerning a deposit, loan,
stolen article, found article, etc. (Leviticus 6:1-7).
Admission of guilt regardless of certainty of guilt. Some call it the “just in case” offering.
Offered different chata sin offering.
Difference between the chata sin offering and the ashawm guilt offering is what happened to the blood.
Both were slain on the north side of the altar.
The blood of the sin offering was thrown upon the horns of the altar (Leviticus 4:25, 7:2).
Ashawm like the burnt offering (Leviticus 1:11).
Blood placed all around the altar, not on horns.
KOSHER LAWS BEFORE THE CHAPTER 11
Kosher laws not all in chapter 11.
We shall not eat the fat.
Lev 7:23 Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, You shall not eat any fat of ox, or of sheep, or of goat.
Lev 7:24 And the fat of a dead body, and the fat of a thing torn, may be used in any other use. But you shall in no way eat it.
Lev 7:25 For whoever eats the fat of the beast of which men offer an offering made by fire to Jehovah, even the soul that eats it shall be cut off from his people.
Lev 3:15 and the two kidneys, and the fat on them, which is on the loins, and the lobe (yôthereth, H3508, caul, the protruding lobe of the liver) above the liver, beside the kidneys, he shall remove. The fat (1) which is upon the innards (viscera fat over the internal organs), (2) upon the two kidneys.
Jewish kosher says no part of the back half of the animal can be eaten because of the flank (H3689, kesel, sometimes called loin) which is only a small part of the back half of the animal. Cheleb H2459. Peder H6309.
Kesel does not mean the meat portion of the animal but the viscera fat by, against, touching it.
Is the fat between the plate and flank.
Lev 7:4 And the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by (al, H5921, against,
upon, touching) the flanks/loins, and the caul (yôthereth, H3508, caul, the protruding lobe of the liver) that is above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away
Rump non-kosher because of Jacob’s his being out of joint (Genesis 32:31-32).
Gen 32:31 And as he passed over Penuel the sun rose upon him, and he halted upon his thigh.
Gen 32:32 Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob’s thigh in the sinew that shrank.
Sinew Hebrew for tendon. Whitleather.
Jews say this is the sciatic nerve (Chulin 101b of the Talmud).
Judaism: “The hindquarters contain forbidden fats and the sciatic nerve, both of which are difficult and
time-consuming to remove and have been considered too costly to kosher (they
are sold to non-kosher markets)”. https://forward.com/food/369470/top-10-kosher-meat-mysteries-solved/
Medical literature generally does not equate a tendon with a nerve as is done in Judaism.
I cautiously don’t see prohibition against any cuts of meat. Nor do I see that a tendon and a nerve
are the same thing.
Be careful about the fat next to certain cuts that abut the meat.
The fat between the plate and flank steak.
Ground beef comes from all the parts of the animal and there may be YHVH’s fat in it.
Ask butcher to grind the cut instead of buying it already ground.
Reiterate: Lev 7:25 For whoever eats the fat of the beast of which men offer an offering made by fire
to Jehovah, even the soul that eats it shall be cut off from his people.
The prohibition for human consumption is the fat that is offered to YHVH and not any other kind of fat.
Marbling within the meat.
THE ORDINATION OF AARON
Completed as YHVH instructed Moses but with a slight change.
Lev 8:34 As He has done this day, Jehovah has commanded you to do, to make an atonement for you.
The original instructions was for an ordination, not for atonement.
Exodus 29:36 And you shall offer every day a bull, a sin offering for atonement. And you shall cleanse the
[bronze] altar when you have made an atonement for it, and you shall anoint it to sanctify it.
Exodus 29:37 Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar, and sanctify it: and the altar shall be most holy; whatever touches the altar shall be holy.
The original annual Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur, was for the altar of incense.
Exodus 30:10 And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it [the incense altar] once in a year with
the blood of the sin offerings of atonement. He shall make atonement on it once in the year throughout your generations. It is most holy to Jehovah.
This (Exodus 30:10) is the only atonement instructions to Aaron and his sons by YHVH to Moses while he was
on the mountain before the golden calf incident.
Lev 8:34 makes the ordination adds repentance to the ceremony for the line of Aaron.
In the future, there would be an annual atonement for Aaron, his sons and the Israelites, which was not
instructed to Moses on the Mountain:
Lev 16:11 “Aaron shall present the bull of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make atonement
for himself and for his house, and shall kill the bull of the sin offering which is for himself.
Compare the Ezekiel ordination instruction for the coming line of Zadok to Aaron’s:
Ezekiel 43:19 You shall give to the priests the Levites who are of the offspring of Zadok, who are near to me, to minister to me,’ says the Lord Yahweh, ‘a young bull for a sin offering.
This time, it is not all who are from the line Aaron but only those from Zadok (a descendant of Aaron) who
served during David’s time.
Ezekiel 43:20 You shall take of its blood, and put it on its four horns, and on the four corners of the ledge, and on the border all around. You shall cleanse it and make atonement for it that way.
Ezekiel 43:21 You shall also take the bull of the sin offering, and it shall be burned in the appointed place of the house, outside of the sanctuary.
Same – Exodus 29:11-15
Ezekiel 43:22 “On the second day you shall offer a male goat without defect for a sin offering; and they
shall cleanse the altar, as they cleansed it with the bull.
No goat in Aaron’s ordination ceremony. It was a ram, ayil.
There were two goats in the Yom Kippur ceremony (Lev 16:8) that YHVH gave to atone for the golden calf and
which also were a prophecy of Yeshua now needing to sacrifice Himself according to the covenant of the pieces which He made with His father in Genesis 15.
This goat sayir (Ezekiel 43:22) represents the line of Aaron’s and Israel’s sin which will not be
completed until the end of the Millennium.
It is because of the sayir Edomite type of sin of the golden calf that the line of Zadok will still bear the iniquity for.
Numbers 18:1 And Jehovah said to Aaron, You and your sons, and your father’s house with you shall bear the iniquity of the sanctuary. And you and your sons with you shall bear the iniquity of your priesthood.
Ezekiel 43:23 When you have finished cleansing it, you shall offer a young bull without defect, and a ram [ayil] out of the flock without defect.
Ezekiel 43:24 You shall bring them near to Yahweh, and the priests shall cast salt on them, and they shall offer them up for a burnt offering to Yahweh.
The line of Aaron continues through the line of Zadok thus fulfilling YHVH’s Word that Aaron’s line would
continue in perpetuity.
Salt ceremony not in the original ceremony for Aaron.
Ezekiel 43:25 “Seven days you shall prepare every day a goat for a sin offering. They shall also prepare a
young bull, and a ram out of the flock, without defect.
Goat for 7 days not in the original ceremony for Aaron, not in the instructions or in the actual ceremony.
Ezekiel 43:26 Seven days shall they make atonement for the altar and purify it. So shall they consecrate
This ends the 7 day future ordination of Zadok and that line.
METAPHYSICAL LESSON ON THE SACRIFICES
Saved Metaphysical less for here.
Sacrifices are communication to our Father, Yeshua’s Father, because He is Spirit, not physical and does not
enter the physical realm except through Yeshua.
Yeshua connects the Father to us and us to the Father.
The sacrifices are Yeshua’s method to communicate between earth and Heaven.
The difference between the chata sin and guilt ashawm offerings is in the communication.
Chata – on the horns of the altar (Leviticus 4:7, 18, 25, 30, 34).
Ashawm – around the base of the altar (Leviticus 7:2)
Both are killed in the same place – north side of the altar – where the burnt offerings are killed.
Each sacrifice/offering communicates a different message to the Spirit because each is done with a
different animal and the blood goes in various places.
Sacrificial animals vary according to the status of the individual:
Priest or entire community: a young bullock (Leviticus 4:3).
Ruler: a young male goat (Leviticus 4:23).
Individuals: a female goat or lamb (Leviticus 4:27-32).
Poor people: two turtle doves or young pigeons could be substituted, one as a sin offering and one as a burnt offering (Leviticus 5:7).
For the poorest people: a tenth of an ephah of un-oiled fine flour could be offered instead of an animal
Yeshua’s sacrifice –
Olah (burnt offering (at His ascension after His death and resurrection)).
Chata sin and ashawm trespass
Thanksgiving todah (voluntary offering)
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto
himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
Yeshua is the ultimate cheerful giver
2 Corinthians 9:10 Now He who supplies seed to the sower, and bread for eating, may He supply and multiply your seed, and increase the fruits of your righteousness
2 Corinthians 9:11 you being enriched in everything to all generosity, which works out thanksgiving to God through us.
2 Corinthians 9:15 Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift.
Peace, fellowship shelem
Ephesians 2:13 But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of
Ephesians 2:14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;
Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;
Ephesians 2:16 And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having slain the enmity thereby:
Ephesians 2:17 And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.
Grain mincha offerings (His body)
His blood, the wine drink offerings which we have not come to yet (Leviticus 23:13).
He is thus the perfect one offering and the “once for all” of these sacrifices.
Doesn’t the “once for all” (Hebrews 10:10) mean there need not be further animal sacrifices?
“Once for all” does not mean “end”. It means there is only one sacrifice that perfectly fulfills all the
sacrifices – Yeshua.
Question: Does YHVH really need the sacrifices?
Yes. The Father YHVH is Spirit only residing only in the Spirit realm.
Many verses speak of the Spirit of God, God as Spirit (Genesis 1:2, Exodus 31:3, 35:31, Psalms 143:10,
John 4:24 God is a spirit, and they who worship Him must worship in spirit and in truth.
These are Yeshua’s words to the woman at the well when Yeshua (YHVH) was on the earth and not in Heaven. There was Yeshua on the earth and the Spirit of God operating at the same in
Elohim, God, is a perfectly united unit echad with the Father operating only in Heaven, the spiritual
realm, and the other, the Son, operating in both realms.
God, Father and Son, is both eternal and present on earth at the same time.
The Father only in the spiritual realm.
Son crosses into physical realm.
Sacrifices, with their many variations “ascend”, “olah”, to the Father God.
Each sacrifice symbolizes, communicates, a different meaning.
(Father speaks to us in symbols. We speak to Him in symbols. The sacrifices symbolize different
Sacrifices were created by Yeshua as a means of communication to His Father before the foundation of the
First used for Adam’s chata sin.
Each sacrifice communicates to the Father:
What His Son will/would or already has fulfilled.
The condition of the human doing the offering.
Sacrifices are how the Father connects to the earth and the earth connects to the Father.
While Yeshua is the ultimate connection, there are special messages that still need to be sent to the
Sacrifices temporarily removed from Jerusalem.
Jews perverted them.
Would not allow returning Israelites or new believers in Yeshua to partake.
Sacrifices not only communicate to the Father in the spiritual realm, but they are also public.
People knew what kind of offering a person made by which animal was used and
where the blood was put.
Will there be sacrifices in the next cycle after this one (which won’t be complete for 1,000+ years)? Yes.
FOREVER. Olam H5769. 438 uses of olam in 413 verses. Means “eternal”. Translated ‘forever’, ‘in perpetuity’ or ‘perpetual’, ‘everlasting’, ‘always’, etc.
Tree of Life olam – Genesis 3:22
First use. Shows up in Revelation for those who have gained eternal life.
Olam – forever – means eternal
Abraham’s inheritance Israel olam – Genesis 13:15
Judah’s oath to be a surety for Benjamin olam – Genesis 43:9
The name ‘YHVH’ olam – Exodus 3:15
Passover Feast olam – Exodus 12:14, 17, 24
Requires Priesthood to officiate
Egyptians who died in the Red Sea not seen again olam – Exodus 14:13
YHVH reign olam – Exodus 15:18
People to believe Moses olam – Exodus 19:9
Servant who wants to stay in master’s house olam – Exodus 21:6
Line of Aaron to maintain menorah olam – Exodus 27:21, Leviticus 24:3
Wave offering Aaron’s olam – Exodus 29:28, Leviticus 7:35-37, Leviticus 10:15, Numbers 18:19
Burnt offering continual tamid – becomes olam in Ezekiel 43:13-15, Ezekiel 46:14 (Ezekiel’s Temple)
Laws for Aaronites to serve before YHVH – Exodus 28:43 (wear garments), Exodus 30:21 (wash hands and feet)
Sabbath olam – Exodus 31:17
Priests eat mincha offering olam – Leviticus 6:18, 22, Ezekiel 46:14
Yom Kippur olam – Leviticus 16:29
Israel not offer sacrifices to devils olam – Leviticus 17:7
Feast of Weeks (Shavuot) olam Leviticus 23:21
Feast of Sukkot olam – Leviticus 23:41
Priest put the Table of Shewbread in order ever Sabbath olam – Leviticus 24:8
Land shall not be sold olam – Leviticus 25:23
Line of Aaron to blow silver trumpets olam – Numbers 10:8
One law for natives and strangers in the Land olam – Numbers 15:15
Priest’s office before the altar, in the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies olam – Numbers 18:8
Sons of Levi replace the Firstborns olam – Numbers 18:21-24
The consequence of sin is forever. The Firstborns lost their right to serve in the Temple forever.
Israel to keep YHVH’s Law olam – Deu_4:40
Ezekiel 43:7 And He said to me, Son of man, the house of Israel shall no more defile the place of My throne, and the place of the soles of My feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the sons of Israel forever; neither they, nor their kings, by their fornication, nor by the dead bodies of their kings in their high places.
Ezekiel’s Millennial Temple is the prelude to New Jerusalem, the place of YHVH’s throne forever
Forever means in perpetuity and eternal
There will be the Law of Moses for the people to follow wherever they are (Deuteronomy 30:1-3) and in the Land
and for the sacrifices in the Temple forever.
If forever does not mean in perpetuity, then all of our salvation is in doubt because through Yeshua’s death and resurrection as our God, we attain eternal forever “in perpetuity” life. If we have eternal forever “in perpetuity life”, we must attend to all those things including all the Law of Moses which is olam, forever, in perpetuity.
When Yeshua is on the earth starting with this next Millennium and forever more, we will still need to
communicate from the physical realm to the spiritual one. Thus, the need for sacrifices.
THE 8TH DAY – START OF THE NEW CYCLE
Will there be sacrifices in the next cycle of 7?
We already studied Aaron’s and Zadok’s ordination. In both accounts, there is an 8th day ceremony
which kicks off the next cycle of 7.
Lev 9:1 And it happened on the eighth day. Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel. Lev 9:2 And he said to Aaron, Take a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram without blemish for a burnt offering, and offer before Jehovah.
Ezekiel 43:27 When they have accomplished the days, it shall be that on the eighth day, and forward, the priests shall make your burnt offerings on the altar, and your peace offerings. Then I will accept you,’ says the Lord Yahweh.”
8th day starting operation for Zadok.
YHVH adds/modifies to His law depending on the sins committed by Israel.
This is the ordination of the Ezekiel Temple, the line of Zadok without the other descendants of Aaron.
8th day commencement of burnt offerings (daily lamb morning and evening (Exodus 29:39-41) and peace offerings in the Millennium.
Those who do not understand the Temple and its rituals say there won’t be sacrifices in the Millennium:
If you’re going to Heaven (meaning somewhere other than in the Kingdom), correct. No animals sacrifices
in Heaven. Those only happen on earth.
We do not have a Levitical Law but YHVH’s Law regarding approaching YHVH’s Temple and His altar.
Both Aaron and Zadok receive ordination.
There is the ordination for this 7,000 years period followed by one called “the 8th day” which is day #1 of the next round of 7,000 years.
The sacrifices are methods of communication.
Different types of sacrifices performed in a variety of ways.
Communicates our intent to our Father, Yeshua’s Father, in Heaven (the spiritual realm).
Explains Yeshua’s “once for all” sacrifice for mankind.
HOW: (through being our prefect sacrifice).
WHY: (because of chata, sin, and trespassing or treading on what belongs to YHVH, ashawm)Yeshua took our sins upon Himself.
Sacrifices will return in the next cycle of 7 starting with 8th day.
Remember to be careful of the kind of fat you eat.
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