A REVELATION Revelation. Shemot is about so much more than what we read on the surface of the account. What really happened in Egypt and at the burning bush? There is much more to this Torah Portion than we may realize.
This transcript is not exactly like the recording but it doesn’t vary by much and all the essential scriptures and quotes are there. Click here to listen to the Midrash. Some excellent comments were made and questions asked.
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Shemot is about so much more than what we read on the surface of the account. What really happened in Egypt and at the burning bush? There is much more to this Torah Portion than we may realize. And it’s all very important stuff that can help us understand the nation of Israel moving forward.
I will draw from next week’s Torah Portion, as well (Vaera) to explain an important Kingdom concept.
This Torah Portion introduces us to three entities who are about to become one – a 3 strand cord. These 3 entities are a King, a people and a land. We usually think only of the man that the King introduced Himself to in the burning bush, Moses, but Moses is not the foundation of Shemot. The foundation of Shemot is the King, the people and the Promised Land.
WHO IS THE KING
Elohim, God, will introduce Himself to us in the next Torah Portion using His royal family Name, YHVH but because this account is about beginning to establish the Kingdom, I am making mention of it here.
The word “God”, the Hebrew “Elohim”, is the demonstrable power of YHVH. But “YHVH” is the royal family and Kingly Name, the authority, that directs the power inherent in their “God”, their “Elohim”. The phrase “LORD your God” indicates your King, YHVH, functioning in His God capacity – YHVH Elohim.
Next week, we will learn that YHVH’s name was not known until this moment with Moses standing at the burning bush. I will read this beginning passage from Vaera even though we are studying Shemot today.
Exodus 6:2 God spoke to Moses, and said to him, “I am Yahweh [YHVH];
Exodus 6:3 and I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty; but by my name Yahweh I was not known to them.
The Name YHVH is used from Genesis 2:4 but it is here in Exodus 6:2-3 that Moses learned the Name. The God of creation and the King of Israel, YHVH, are the same entity wielding authority over the earth.
Shemot introduces the King but it is Vaera, next week’s Torah Portion, that we gain the understanding that I just shared.
WHO ARE THE PEOPLE
The reason I must pull from next week’s Torah Portion with this understanding is because in every Kingdom the King comes before the people. There is first always a King, one seeking a people to rule over. Kings obtain people through war and persuasion. This brings us to the next entity which is introduced in Shemot: The people.
Shemot begins by introducing the people first, rather than the King. One reason for this is because they already know Him as God but they now have to be introduced to Him as King. The other reason for listing the people’s names first has to do with setting the legal entities who will become citizens of the legal nation, the formalized nation, of Israel.
The people, who were about to become “Israelites”, were referred to by the Egyptians as “Hebrews”. Nowhere in Genesis is the family referred to as “Israelites”, a title which will be given for the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in Vaera (“children of Israel was used 5 times in Genesis). “Israelite” means “like Israel” both as referring to the man Israel and to the Kingdom which will be called Israel to which we must be like, and also that we must be in the image of Israel’s King, Yeshua. The phrase “children of Israel” has a different connotation as being from Israel but does not necessarily convey being “like” Israel. However, the nation of Israel must be comprised of those now who are like Israel.
Exodus 9:7 Pharaoh sent, and behold, there was not so much as one of the livestock of the Israelites dead. But the heart of Pharaoh was stubborn, and he didn’t let the people go.
Why is it that the people were called Hebrews by YHVH until this point? Becoming an Israelite means that we have struggled in our lives and with God the same way Israel, Jacob, did.
The list of tribes in Exodus 1: 1-7 are the first people who officially became known as Israelites and this happened because they were descended from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
The Israelite people are the fulfillment of God’s promises to all three forefathers which was that their descendants would be as the stars of the heaven (Gen_22:17, Gen_26:4), the sand of the sea (Gen_22:17, Gen_32:12) and the dust of the earth (Gen_13:16, Gen_28:14).
THE LAND & THE LAW
The third entity to be introduced is the Land of YHVH. You might have thought I would have said Moses or the Law of YHVH but Moses was the announcer and teacher of the Law. The Law is not Moses’s law, it is YHVH’s. And without a Law decreed by a King there can be no land because the King’s decree establishes the land even as it does the people over whom the King reigns.
So, the next entity of the 3 strand cord is YHVH’s Land, the Promised Land.
Exodus 3:7 Yahweh said, “I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows.
Exodus 3:8 I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land to a good and large land, to a land flowing with milk and honey; to the place of the Canaanite, the Hittite, the Amorite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
The land is now in the hands of squatters. That has been the case since Moses’ time and all through Israel’s history. In the US, squatters must continuously live on a piece of land for 10 years (in many States) before a judge will ascribe ownership to them. YHVH has no such statute of limitations and YHVH will never judge the Promised Land to belong to Canaan or any of his descendants.
So, there will first be persuasion by Moses to the Hebrew people to accept citizenship as Israelites in the nation, the Kingdom, called Israel, and this will be followed by war, and war and more war throughout the annuls of history to establish a final Kingdom in the end of days that will be called “Israel” and which will not be the same name-usurping entity of the modern UN-created State of Israel.
Canaan was in the Promised Land because he had moved his family onto YHVH’s Land in defiance of Noah, Shem, Japheth and his own father, Ham. We can read about this in the Book of Jubilees, a Jewish history. Canaan and all of his tribes – the “ites” – are about to get booted from the Land. At least that was the plan. We shall see how that goes when a King is dealing with rebellious people.
Exodus 3:8 says the land is “flowing with milk and honey”. This is persuasion from YHVH to the Hebrews that this is a place where you want to go. And YHVH sends an emissary, Moses, to persuade them, explain the plagues to them, instruct them on YHVH’s requirements for getting out of Egypt (for which they had prayed).
YHVH must first persuade the man whom He chose, Moses in Exodus 3, to be YHVH’s emissary to Pharaoh and the Hebrews. Moses wasn’t agreeable at first but YHVH made His case and answered all of Moses’s objections and Moses became YHVH’s (unwilling, at first) ambassador to Egypt and YHVH’s people simultaneously. Not only was it Moses’ job to deal with Pharaoh but he also had to persuade the Hebrew people. The plagues were signs and wonders for both the Egyptians and the Hebrews.
Moses represents YHVH’s Law of citizenship. The name “Moses” is synonymous with YHVH’s Law. This has created a problem for people because Moses is a man whose laws can be changed. It might have made a difference in religious people’s minds if they understood that these are YHVH’s Laws given through Moses and that Moses didn’t make these up.
There is a principle in that the laws of any land are also the foundation of the culture and the laws of a land bind together the King (in our modern era of Presidents it is the same), the people and the Land. These become a stereotype. What the King or President does is what the world may think of the people. What the people do is what the world may think of the King or President.
Do you see how all the King, the people, the land and its laws cannot be separated? One of these entities not doing its job prevents everything.
I listed the King first, the people next, then the land even though Shemot begins with the people followed by the account of Moses’ life which is followed by our King announcing Himself and His plans from a burning bush. The reason I did not follow the Shemot order is because without a King, it doesn’t matter who the people are. The King is always primary. The King and His Kingdom are never separate but without the King’s name on the people the people are just people, a family, but certainly not a nation. But now, in the Book of Exodus, the family is about to become a nation, a Kingdom, with a King and a people who have the King’s decrees (His laws) to govern them and His land.
Shemot is the beginning of ushering in the Kingdom of YHVH on the earth and it starts with the King, YHVH (who is introduced a later), legally naming all the tribes because His Kingdom is based on His promises to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Those promises have names – they are Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher and Joseph. These are the only people authorized to call themselves citizens of YHVH’s Kingdom.
I said before that to become an Israelite, there has to be struggle. This first Kingdom’s coming was preceded by great oppression, slavery on a scale never seen before, death, sorrow and people’s desire to be rescued followed by war.
The story of the coming of that Kingdom is exactly the same the second time. So let’s find out what will make His Kingdom come and His will be done on earth as it is in Heaven because His Kingdom is for the purpose of His will being done on earth as it is in Heaven. And His will is to be done through His people.
The Book of Genesis is the beginning of the account of the formation of Israel and prophecies about its history – what is to us at this time on earth the history of Israel – which began with a family handpicked by God Himself.
Who was this God that handpicked Israel? He was the One, Yeshua, that declared Himself to be God, contrary to popular opinion which says He never said He is God.
John 8:52 Then the Jews said to him, “Now we know that you have a demon. Abraham died, and the prophets; and you say, ‘If a man keeps my word, he will never taste of death.’
John 8:53 Are you greater than our father, Abraham, who died? The prophets died. Who do you make yourself out to be?”
John 8:54 Jesus answered, “If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father who glorifies me, of whom you say that he is our God.
John 8:55 You have not known him, but I know him. If I said, ‘I don’t know him,’ I would be like you, a liar. But I know him, and keep his word.
John 8:56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day. He saw it, and was glad.”
John 8:57 The Jews therefore said to him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?”
John 8:58 Jesus said to them, “Most certainly, I tell you, before Abraham came into existence, I AM. ”
John 8:59 Therefore they took up stones to throw at him, but Jesus was hidden, and went out of the temple, having gone through the middle of them, and so passed by.
“I AM” is the same legal reference YHVH made to Moses to prove His identity so that Moses could prove who had sent him in Exodus 3:14. Let’s read about Yeshua calling Himself “I AM”.
Mar 14:60 The high priest stood up in the middle, and asked Jesus, “Have you no answer? What is it which these testify against you?”
Mar 14:61 But he stayed quiet, and answered nothing. Again the high priest asked him, “Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed?”
Mar 14:62 Jesus said, “I AM. You will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power, and coming with the clouds of the sky.”
It is weird to me that YHVH’s people separate YHVH and God. They don’t even know they do it. Legally, there can only be one King of Israel and Yeshua called Himself both King and God.
Preincarnate Yeshua is the One creating His Kingdom on earth; He is the divine Son of Man that we read about in Daniel 7 who appeared before the Ancient of Days; and He is the One who rides on the clouds of Heaven and it was Yeshua in that burning bush! No other One can do these things.
WHO IS THE “I AM”
Why did Yeshua claim to be the “I AM” while on earth? Because He had the legal right to do so.
Exodus 3:14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
The voice from the burning bush is the same “I AM” that would ascribe those words to Himself 1500 years later. The God that spoke to Moses saying I AM THAT I AM and then said His Name is YHVH and then said He was the God of their forefathers in Exodus 6:2-3 is the same God in the flesh who answered the question asked by the Jews.
Yeshua is YHVH and YHVH is God thus Yeshua is God. And now, in the Exodus account, He is about fulfill and formalize His promises to Jacob’s family by creating a nation out of them. This is only the beginning, though, because YHVH told the forefathers they would become a multitude of nations. That happened because of Israel’s continual rebellion against His laws while living in His land for which they were exiled which caused them to become a multitude of nations. YHVH uses every adverse situation for His glory! Hallelujah!
Fifteen hundred years later, in the 1st century, He would re-make that same nation, Biblical Israel, but this time He, the Father’s only Son and Firstborn, would do the dying. It wouldn’t be another nation’s firstborns who died. Not the Egyptians’ firstborns the next time. It would be the only begotten Son of YHVH the Father.
In so doing, the old Israel formed as the first Kingdom of Israel under Moses would also die and be resurrected. The old Israel died, the one that was wounded and sick from head to toe (Isaiah 1) and the new Israel arose from the dead with Yeshua and with Him as Israel’s King and High Priest. This was Paul’s message.
The old generation that comprised the old Kingdom had to be destroyed like Jeremiah’s potter who destroyed the defective pot (Jeremiah 18). But notice in Jeremiah’s parable that the pot was not yet finished. It had not been fired in the kiln yet. It was still a piece of soft clay that could be remade. The same material brought to perfection with the second try. It won’t be until the second generation pot is put through the furnace, the potter’s kiln, that it will be perfect and fit vessel for Yeshua’s Kingdom. That is partly what the coming Tribulation is for – the completion of Israel.
PARALLELS BETWEEN MOSES AND YESHUA
There are parallels between Moses and Yeshua just like there are between Joseph and Yeshua. The parallels of Joseph have to do with the family dynamics and the prophecies of what the family’s problems will lead to. The parallels of Moses have to do with the formation of the Kingdom of YHVH on earth.
Moses was born for the purpose of facilitating the formal implementation of YHVH’s Heavenly Kingdom on earth, the one that we pray for every time we say the LORD’s prayer.
Yeshua was born for the purpose of finishing breaking Jeremiah’s pot called “Israel” to reestablish it with the same foundation and under the same laws of Moses and with the rightful King returned to His throne. No more human kings who always fail time after time.
Here are some parallels between Moses and Yeshua.
|Moses had a miracle birth. Yochabed was very old when Moses was born into the tribe of Levi (Numbers 26:59)||Yeshua had a miracle birth because Mary was a virgin (Matthew 1:23, Luke 1:27)|
|Life began with the death of all the male babies (Exodus 1:16, 22)||Life began with the death of all children under 2 years old (Matthew 2:16)|
|Moses is the first teacher formally teaching the Law of YHVH (Exodus 4:12, 15, 18:20, 24:12 )||Yeshua is the giver of His Law (Isaiah 33:22, Matthew 5-7, James 4:12)|
|Moses was saved from being killed (Exodus 2:1-10)||Yeshua was saved from being killed (Matthew 2:13-15)|
|Moses was both royalty and slave at the same time, being a prince but also a Hebrew (Exodus 2: 10)||Yeshua is both God and man at the same time (Matthew 16:16, Mark 14:62, John 8:58)|
|Moses was sent by the Father to save the Hebrew people (Exodus 3:10)||Yeshua was sent by the Father to save all people (John 3:16)|
|Moses met a woman at a well||Yeshua met a woman at a well|
|Moses performed 3 signs: 1) Controlling the serpent (Exodus 4:3-4)||Yeshua cast out demons (Luke 11:14-23)|
|2) Instant healing of leprosy (Exodus 4:6-7)||Yeshua healed lepers and all other diseases and ailments instantly (Matthew 11:5, Mark 1:41, Luke 17:14)|
|3) Turned water into blood (Exodus 4:9)||Turned water into wine (John 2:7-9)|
|Moses parted the waters of the Red Sea (Exodus 14:21)||Yeshua calmed the Sea of Galilee (Luke 8:24, Mark 4:39) and walked on the water (Matthew 14:25)|
|Moses saw God face to face (Exodus 33:11, Numbers 12:8)||Yeshua speaks with the Father face to face (John 6:46, Romans 8:34)|
|Moses appointed 70 elders (Numbers 11:16)||Yeshua appointed 70 elders (Luke 10:1)|
|Moses fasted 40 days (Exodus 34:28, Deuteronomy 9:9, 11, 18)||Yeshua fasted 40 days (Matthew 4:2, Luke 4:2)|
|Moses was in God’s presence on Mount Sinai (Exodus 34:28, Deuteronomy 9:9, 11, 18)||Yeshua was in God’s presence eternally (John 3:13)|
|Moses was glorified on Mount Sinai (Exodus 34:29)||Yeshua was glorified on the Mount of Transformation (Matthew 17:2, Mark 9:2)|
|Moses witnessed the manna, the bread, sent from Heaven that saved the people’s lives (Exodus 16:15)||Yeshua is the bread sent from heaven, the bread of life that gives eternal life (John 6:33, 35, 48, 51 )|
|Moses was a prophet of YHVH (Deuteronomy 18:18)||Yeshua is the prophet like YHVH and Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15, 18)|
|Moses appeared after his death (Matthew 17:3)||Yeshua arose from death (Matthew 28:6-7, Mark 16:6, Luke 24:6, John 2:22)|
In the formation of the old Israel and the reformation of the new Israel, signs and wonders are heralded and they take the form of plagues, oddly enough. We are now experiencing a plague, aren’t we?
Interestingly, the Israelites were affected by only the first 3 plagues. More on that next week!
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